The Dachshund dog is a German dog famous for hunting animals such as rabbits and foxes, and it was also used to track wild boars.
This was in the past, but now the Dachshund is one of the domestic dogs that many raises in the world because of their characteristics.
In this article, we will provide you with information about the Dachshund dog, its history of origin, personality features and ways of caring for it.
Types of the German Dachshund
There are three types of dachshund dogs:
- Dachshund dogs with short, fine hair.
- Long-haired dachshunds.
- Curly-haired dachshunds.
Regardless of their small size, the Dachshund is a fun addition to any family, as it has been ranked at the top of most popular dog lists since the 1950s.
All kinds of this dog characterized by a kind personality, so people loved him so much and captivated the hearts of many, especially the German people.
Because of his loving, kind, and fun personality that distinguished him and his distinctive shape, the breeders gave him several names and nicknames such as Winner Dog, Hot Dog, Sausage Dog, Doxie, and Dachshund Dog.
German dachshunds form their physical characteristics
We divide dachshund dog into three types according to the shape and length of hair
As soon as you look at the dachshund dog, you will have a smile on your face, when you see him proudly carrying his long, muscular body on short legs, and his elongated head raised with confidence and pride.
Because of its almost comical look, the Dachshund dog look has always inspired cartoonists and toy makers.
Their cute looks have developed to be more serious and practical, their short legs allowing them to dig and maneuver through tunnels and help them hunt.
While their large chests give them plenty of strength to fight, Dachshunds are brave, but can be stubborn, and they have an independent spirit, especially when hunting.
- The weight of the German Dachshund ranges between 7.5 and 15 kg.
- Its height off the ground is 33-37 cm.
- The length from the head to the tail is 55-64 cm.
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A character of a Dachshund dog with his friends at home
At home, it shows the Dachshund playful and gentle nature.
The Dachshund loves to be close to you and help you do things like tie your shoes, because of his intelligence, he often has his own thoughts about the rules for playtime.
And these rules may not be the same as yours or even other dog breeds.
Dachshund dogs are famous for hunting small animals, birds and minor games.
The Dachshund is smart, and brave to the point of impulsivity, and perseveres at work with all his might.
Dachshund dogs have affectionate eyes and complex facial expressions, and their lungs are large for a dog this size, and they have an enormous chest.
Because of these qualities, the dachshund may give you the impression that it is an enormous dog and also loves to bark like giant dogs, which is something you might think of if you have neighbors who might become upset.
Dachshunds often bond closely with one person in the family, they are jealous of it, and if not properly trained, they can become aggressive.
Dachshund dogs are an excellent choice for apartment dwellers and people who do not have a backyard. It is popular with urban residents because of its small size and ease of care.
The history and origin of the Dachshund dog
They create the Dachshund in Germany, as there are drawings and documents of dogs resembling dachshunds dating back to the 15th century.
It bred them to hunt rabbits, foxes and pigs, and dachshund dogs were large, weighing from 13 to 16 kg.
The Dachshund is the only breed whose dogs can hunt above and below ground, as their short, muscular legs enable them to delve deep into narrow tunnels to follow their prey.
The dachshund’s unusually enormous claws in the shape of a paddle were ideal for effective digging, and their deep chest with lung capacity gave them great stamina for hunting.
Their long noses enabled them to be excellent hunting dogs, and even their deep and loud barking helped the hunter locate his dog after he entered the burrow.
In the nineteenth century, they raised the dachshund as pets rather than as hunting, especially in Great Britain.
It was the preferred dynasty of kings and princes across Europe, such as Queen Victoria, who was fond of the breed.
The breed became very popular in the early 1900s, and in 1913 and 1914, it was among the 10 most popular breeds at dog breed shows.
And during World War I, this strain almost disappeared in the United States and England because something closely related it to Germany.
And after World War I, some American breeders imported some German dogs from Germany and the breed spread again.
Unfortunately, the dynasty faced a similar fate during World War II, but not as bad as it was during World War I.
And in the 1950s, the Dachshund became one of the most popular breeds in the United States again.
Today the Dachshund breed ranks sixth out of 155 breeds.
The character and features of the Dachshund dog
- We describe the Dachshund as intelligent, energetic, and courageous to the point of impulsivity. They raised it for perseverance, which is another way of saying it can be stubborn.
- They need to spend enough time with their family and friends and play with them.
- Some can be troublesome and offensive, some are calm and calm, and some can be nervous.
- Like every dog, the Dachshund needs early socialization and exposure to many people when they are young.
- Socialization helps ensure that your Dachshund puppy grows into a friendly dog.
Health problems facing dachshund dogs
It may infect a dog of this breed with some diseases like:
Intervertebral disc disease (IVDD):
These dogs are prone to back problems. This could be because of hereditary reasons, wrongly moving, falling or jumping.
Symptoms of this disease are the inability to get up on the hind legs, paralysis, and sometimes loss of bowel and bladder control, so it is always important to support the dog’s back when grasping.
This strain is prone to seizures. In affected dogs, we believe the condition to be hereditary or result from a fall or a hard blow to the head.
If your dachshund suffers from epilepsy, take him to the veterinarian to determine the treatment. Most times, we can control epilepsy with medication.
Retinal atrophy (PRA):
It is a degenerative disorder of the eye that ultimately leads to blindness from the loss of the photoreceptors in the back of the eye.
Stomach torsion (GDV) also called Bloat or Torsion:
This is a life-threatening condition that affects mostly large dogs, and it can also affect dogs of this breed.
GDV occurs when the stomach swells with gas or air and then warps.
The dog becomes unable to burp or vomit to get rid of the excess air in his stomach and impede the normal return of blood to the heart.
Blood pressure drops, and the dog is in a difficult situation. This is a medical emergency. Without immediate medical care, your dog can die.
Diabetes mellitus (DM):
Diabetes in dogs sometimes appears in this breed, especially if they are overweight. We can treat diabetes in Dachshund Dogs with diet and daily insulin injections.
Symptoms are excessive urination, thirst, and weight loss despite an open appetite.
Ways to care for a dachshund
Dachshunds have a lot of ability and energy, they love to walk or play in the open air with other dogs, and they love to hunt and dig.
They are also active indoors and can do well in small living spaces as long as they get a moderate amount of daily exercise.
It is important to walk half a mile a day (about 10 minutes), and sometimes, when time is short, home games will satisfy their need for daily activity.
They are not suitable for outdoor living or lawn kennel but must live in the home.
Dachshunds can injure their backs while jumping on furniture, so supervise their movements to protect them.
Dachshunds are also intelligent and can learn quickly if they have motivations, so use positive reinforcements such as food rewards or a favorite toy to get their attention, and keep training sessions short.
The dachshund will quickly get bored if he repeats the same exercise over and over, so make the practice of obedience fun and interesting.
Dachshund dog with children
Dachshunds love to play and adapt, we introduce to children in their families if they to them early. But they may not be as welcoming to your kids’ friends, so supervise playtime.
With its long back, a dachshund can easily become infected if not handled properly.
Dachshunds adapt well to other pets, especially if they have been together from a young age.
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