Service Dogs: The dog known for its loyalty to its owner until it has become the best friend of some.
As dogs represent the “life-collar” for many individuals with special needs, whether physical, nervous or mental, and they called service dogs.
They are invaluable friends to help a person according to his need.
Studies have shown that these dogs provide health benefits, according to the American (AKC) website.
And can increase physical fitness, lower stress, and improve mood, and training to perform specific tasks for individuals with disabilities.
According to the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA).
A service dog is “a dog that is individually train to work or perform tasks for people with special needs,” and they considered as working animals rather than pets.
The useful working dogs at home vary between guard dogs, search and rescue dogs, herding dogs and dogs that you can train to perform services for you.
Today, we offer to you the famous working dogs and the ideal dogs to perform these tasks for distinguished companionship with your pet.
- Detection dogs
- Rescue dogs
- Police dogs
- Herding dogs
- Service dogs
- Reversible dogs
- Therapy dogs
Kinds of working dogs to help
1- Detection dogs
Detection dogs distinguished by their distinct sense of smell, as these dogs trained to smell certain materials.
These materials include illegal drugs or explosives, blood, human remains and other things they need.
It is worth noting that some types of dogs are trained to detect the smell of deadly pests, certain types of insects, or animal feces.
These dogs are used to save mortals, biology, wildlife, and health care.
Among these dogs is:
- Labrador dog.
- Labrador Retriever dog.
- German Shepherd dogs.
2- Herding dogs
This type of dog trained to help a shepherd guide his flock and protect the herd from any dangers such as predator attacks.
Shepherd dogs considered one of the smartest dogs around the world.
And they mainly bred to work in this, so we may limit it to certain breeds and certain parts of the country where there is a large herding.
However, not all the resulting grazing breeds naturally experienced in handling the grazing process and may need training with their owner early in life.
The most famous of these performing best groups are Belgian herding dogs, Caucasian herding dogs, and German German dogs.
3- Therapy dogs
Therapy dogs specialize in treating patients by providing emotional support to them.
And often when you visit some hospitals or nursing homes.
You will find different affectionate dogs of any breed that have socially raised to be always human companions.
The American Michael Turner suffered during some of his life from some bad psychological effects of the Vietnam War.
And after that, he and his friends received psychological treatments based on dogs.
Michael used to say, “When I feel uncomfortable, I get sweaty, nervous, and raise my voice, and my dog Josh feels all that, and makes a noise to tell me I should stay away.”
Also, Dawn Marcus, a professor in the sciences of anesthesiology and neurology, said that treatment by dogs reduces the secretions of stress hormones.
And increases the production of hormones secretions that make a person feel happy
And we do not limit these dogs to a specific breed.
4- Service dogs
These dogs specially trained to help people with disabilities and handle their needs in anything.
In the United States alone, there are about 500,000 service dogs who help people.
So under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) service dogs must have given access to nearly every place that humans can go to because they are the ones they accompany.
They help people with disabilities live independently and overcome various life challenges.
Examples of these dogs include: Poodle, German Shepherd, Labrador Retriever.
To Read: The Top 9 Breeds of Small Dogs
5- Rescue dogs
These dogs enjoy their lightness of movement and their exceptional senses, whether from smell or hearing.
These highly trained animals serve in various fields, including tracking, specialized research, ice rescue and the location of dead bodies.
And they also train these animals to find lost people in neighborhoods and forests or under concrete blocks and ruins by tracking the scent carried in the air.
And they use this sense of smell and hearing.
Popular breeds in research: Border Collie dog, German Shepherd dog, Golden Retriever dog.
6- Police dogs
These dogs trained on various police works and dedicated to assisting the police.
As these police dogs can chase or detain suspected criminals who try to escape from the police, or inhale some specific substances such as drugs.
Best types of these dogs: German Shepherds and Malinois dogs.
7. Hearing dogs
It helps people with hearing impairment, by alerting to surrounding noise such as alarms, doorbells, or a baby crying.
And when the dog hears the sound, he contacts his owner and pulls him to the source of the noise.
8. Diabetic alert dogs
This type can provide independence and safety for its owner by alerting the chemical changes in blood sugar, which these dogs can distinguish from their smell.
The human nose can not distinguish which.
Service dogs alert patients to high or low levels of sugar.
For a person to test sugar and take treatment before facing a dangerous level of sugar in the blood.
9. Dogs help with movement
These types of service dogs can perform a wide range of tasks for people with mobility problems.
According to the Service Dogs Foundation of America, mobility help dogs can bring things to people, press the buttons on the automatic doors.
And they can also pull a wheelchair up a slope, helping their owners increase their independence and confidence in themselves.
Among the groups that benefit from dog mobility services are people with spinal cord injuries, brain injuries, and arthritis.
10. Support dogs for autistic patients
This type of dog helps children with autism by reducing their isolation and providing them with comfort in hard times.
And dogs can provide great help to children who have trouble communicating with their classmates.
They also train these dogs to prevent children from escaping and can track them if they escape.
11. Dogs detect allergy
As food allergies increased, another type of medical service dog emerged, training them to alert to the smell of substances that cause a person’s allergies such as peanuts or gluten.
This type of dog also helps children with the smells of allergens or substances.
Although some service dogs may wear vest special kits or collars, ADA does not require service dogs to wear vests or show identification.
Many dogs that who wear jackets are not service dogs.
Types of dogs according to their function
Breeds of herding dogs
Among these types:
- Australian pasture dog.
- Australian Shepherd dog.
- Bearded Collie.
- Malino dog.
- Belgian Shepherd.
- Border Collie.
- Bove de Flanders dogs.
- Canaanite dog.
- Cardigan Welsh Corgi.
- Scottish Collie.
- German Shepherd dog.
- Old English Shepherd.
- Corgi dogs.
- Polish Lowland Sheepdog.
- Polly dogs.
- Shetland Sheepdog.
Hunting dog breeds
There are several types of hunting dogs, including:
- Afghan Hound
- American Foxhound
- Basset Hound
- Beagle dogs
- Black and Tan Coonhound
- Borzoi dogs
- Dachshund dogs
- English Foxhound
- Irish Hound Wolf
- Norwegian Elkhound
- The Pharaonic Hound
- Redbone Coonhound
- Rhodesia Ridgeback dogs
- Scottish Deerhound
Sports dog breeds
Among these types:
- American Cocker Spaniel
- Chesapeake Bay Retriever.
- Clumber Spaniel.
- Curly-Coated Retriever.
- English Springer Spaniel.
- Field Spaniel
- Flat-Coated Retriever
- Irish Water Spaniel
- Labrador Retriever
- Nova Scotia Duck Tolling Retriever
- Sussex Spaniel
- Welsh Springer Spaniel
- Wirehaired Pointing Griffon
How to train a dog to serve without a professional trainer
Evaluate a potential service dog
Find a suitable dog of age
If your dog is less than 6 months old, it’s difficult to know how smart and alert your dog is, until you are certain that it is a good service dog.
There is a level of error in charities that train dogs, even if they use experience and knowledge to choose the dogs are likely to train.
Buying a puppy with the goal of training it to become a service dog is gambling.
So it is best to train a dog that has well bred and already has a character.
Test your dog’s health
Your dog must be in good health to able to meet the requirements of work.
For example, if he has rheumatism and finds it difficult to move, it will be unfair to assign him the responsibility to respond to the doorbell.
And some dogs with diseases such as diabetes have their needs Special and may not always be ready for her role of service.
You will spend a lot of time and effort training your dog, so you have to make sure he stays in perfect health.
And this means you have to vet him twice a year, weigh him, a regular leave regime, and an anti-fungal treatment is appropriate for him.
And this treatment varies according to where you live.
It may be a treatment for fleas and ticks or a heartworm prevention treatment.
Rate your dog’s intelligence and enthusiasm
These are the hallmarks of a trainable dog, and they are traits that make training easier and more enjoyable.
Find a small dog that approaches you calmly and without fear, and his body language should be a sign of confidence.
Such as a straight tail rocking and that he walks directly towards you (do not creep into the sides of the room) and keeps his head raised.
Service dogs must be smart and enthusiastic, which makes their size unimportant, as any breed from Chihuahua to the Dane can perform this role if possessed by the temperament.
Ask the owner if the dog has received adequate training
Command the dog to sit and stay, if it has well trained, and note if it is fidgeting and turning around (easily distracted) or is it keeping its eyes on you (that is, eager to please you), does it respond to you quickly or slowly, as speed of response required in service dogs .
Test your dog in several situations, and with many people to see if he is social and confident
If your dog is anxious in certain situations, this may put you at risk.
The fearful dog exhibits introverted body language such as cowardice, drifting eyes, and crouch sneaking, keeping his tail between his thighs.
A fearful dog licks his lips a lot, and if he forced into something that is not comfortable for him, he may snarl.
However, a confident dog will approach you with a straight, waving tail as if he is presenting himself for adoption.
Determine if the dog is obedient
A fierce dog is difficult to train to become a good service dog, you will waste more time controlling the dog than the dog will spend helping you.
Fierce dogs snarl or clench their teeth, and their neck hair may eventually stand up and look at you in a snarling offensive way.
An obedient dog is more likely to want to communicate with you by touching his head in your hand than by showing offensive signs such as snarling.
Train your dog for service
Spay your dog if it not sprayed
Service dogs must sterilized because females cannot work during the mating season (a herd of dogs wishing to mate will follow you).
And males dispersed more easily.
Besides that, sterilized dogs are less ferocious, and this is important for a service dog.
Spay your dog or dog when he is 4-6 months old to prevent him from being distracted, so he becomes a better guide and with less effort.
If you are an expert and will never take your dog near untied dogs the ideal age for spaying them is 1 to 2 years depending on when the bone growth is complete (usually early in young dogs and later in larger dogs), this makes the dog’s bones stronger and this is important Especially for some types of service dogs that perform difficult tasks for their owner (such as mobility aids).
The cost of spaying ranges from $200 to $300, depending on a dog’s weight, at most veterinarians.
Train your dog to take basic commands
The service dog must be able to sit, lie down and present when you show to him.
And the dog must also walk next to its owner thoughtfully at all times, so that the dog is under your control at all times.
You can use verbal commands or hand signals as commands.
This done by using a reward, placing it in front of the dog’s nose and then moving it in an arc behind his head.
As he raises his head in pursuit of the reward, his lower part will drop to the ground.
Give him the command “Sit” and then give him the treat.
Calling the dog may be difficult if he distracted, so start the lesson indoors, away from other animals or in a closed backyard.
Call the dog and when he comes, repeat the call like “come” and reward him.
If the dog doesn’t come or is late, never reprimand him, as this will make him procrastinate even more the next time.
Teach your dog special skills
The special tasks that you want to teach your dog depend on the type of your disability.
If you suffer from deafness, teach the dog to alert you to the doorbell that rings, the phone rings, or the smoke alarm.
Likewise, if you suffer from movement problems, teach the dog to bring you some Things like keys, remote control, or phone.
Do this in small steps that include bringing the keys so that the dog recognizes them, picks them up, brings them.
And then give them to you, and to teach the dog what the keys are, put a group of them on the ground where he can see them.
Steps and use the word “keys” and as I keep getting closer I knock.
Now you have to teach him to pick it up, maybe you can place a loose ball on the key chain so he can catch it without hurting his teeth.
Put the key chain in his mouth, say the word “hold” and then reward him.
Repeat this regularly for several days, now put the keys a short distance from him, used the word “keys”, pick them up.
Say the word “hold” and then use your call to make him return the keys, and as soon as he returns have him sit down and place the keys, you can offer him an extra delicious reward he deserves for bringing the keys. Knock, use the word “give” and then reward it.
You can get help in training your dog from dog-loving people in your family, taking care that the dog does not associate with one of them and his attention is not alone.
Contact a service dog training organization for help, and if they cannot provide you with a trained dog or train your dog, they may give you suggestions by phone or email if they discover problems during training.
The International Association of Helping Dog Partners publishes a lot of information on training service dogs, including the behavior and Tasks that they should trained on that may help with several disabilities, legal information, defenses for service dogs, knowledge of candidate dogs, finding organizations for help dogs and much more.